The latest Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) was published today inThe Lancet. The GBD study shows global estimates for the state of health worldwide.
Seven million people died from tobacco related illnesses in the 2016
It's the only annual and comprehensive study that provides global and national estimates on more than 330 diseases, causes of death and injuries in 195 countries worldwide - writes buzz.ie.
The study was produced at the University of Washington in Seattle and utilises more that 2,500 collaborators from over 130 countries across the world.
The study revealed that the average life expectancy for women now is 75.3 years and for men is 69.8 years.
Japan has the highest life expectancy at 83.9 years combined. Central African Republic has the lowest at just 50.2 years.
Ischaemic heart disease caused 9.48 million deaths the world over. It was the leading cause of premature deaths apart from in low income regions.
The main cause of death in low income regions was lower respiratory infections. Diabetes cause 1.43 million deaths, an increase of 31.1% in the last 10 years.
In 2016, 1.1 billion people were living with mental health and substance use disorders. Major depressive disorders ranked in the top ten causes of all ill health in all countries apart from four.
Tobacco caused 7.1 million deaths in 2016, whereas poor diets accounted for nearly one in five of all deaths.
Diets that were low in grains, fruit, nuts and seeds, fish oil and high in salt were the most common risk factors in diet.
The authors of the study say that the poor track record for worldwide risk reduction might reflect low investment.
“Our findings indicate people are living longer and, over the past decade, we identified substantial progress in driving down death rates from some of the world’s most pernicious diseases and conditions, such as under age-5 mortality and malaria,” says Dr Christopher Murray, IHME’s director.