Martello Towers in Dublin

8 miles from Dublin there is one of the most important and most interesting sights of Ireland - the James Joyce Tower. It is a museum dedicated to the memory of this famous writer. Once you get here, you can get to know his life and work more closely.

Martello Towers – Castle Fort

The real name of the building is Martello Towers, it is a kind of castle fort, one of those built throughout England and Ireland for defense against Napoleonic troops. They got their name from the name of the buildings on the island of Corsica, where the English soldiers had the opportunity to test their defensive force.

Assuming that Napoleon would try to capture Ireland first, the people built the first towers. The largest number of forts (about 28) was erected on the shoreline, near Dublin. There were built 16 forts to the north of the Irish capital.

At the top of each fort there were platforms with a mechanism for turning the guns 360 °. Their number depended on the size of the towers and varied from one to three.

In Britain, as well, 103 castle-forts were built, but to its happiness and the joy of Ireland, Napoleon decided to go to Russia. But the defeat of 1812 forced him to abandon further military operations. As a result, the towers were never used for their intended purpose. After a century there was nobody to defend from and even to fight with, so the towers were rented out. The first person to settle in one of the forts was the poet Oliver Gogarty.

History, captured in details

From some sources, you can find out that Joyce was a friend of Gogarty, and had to come to visit him. However, they quarreled on the eve, and Joyce transferred all his offense to rhyme and published it.

But the former friend, having found about the humiliation, did not cancel the invitation, and when Joyce came on a visit, he shot into the air above the poet's head. Later in his famous novel "Ulysses", James described this particular tower. He gave a description of one of the rooms, which was later completely recreated in the James Joyce Museum.

Today, Castle Fort is a landmark of Dublin and one of the most popular museums of the capital. On its two floors there is an entire exposition where guests and tourists can see photographs, letters, personal belongings of the writer, as well as very rare editions of his works.

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